Vaccination For Your Cat

Rabies ***Human Risk***

  1. Rabies is a virus that attacks the central nervous system. It can cause a variety of symptoms which can affect behavior, coordination and swallowing.
  2. Rabies affects mammals, including wildlife, pets and humans. In our area bats are the most common carrier of rabies. Cats are at risk of exposure when hunting. An unvaccinated cat that has been exposed to rabies can in turn expose his/her owner to the virus. The virus is transmitted from a rabid animal’s blood or saliva through bite wounds or broken skin.
  3. Unfortunately we do not have a blood test to determine if an animal has contracted rabies; the only accurate test is done at autopsy.
  4. Once established in the body, rabies is always fatal.

Panleukopenia

  1. Also known as “feline distemper”, is spread through contact with a sick animal or the urine/feces of a sick animal.
  2. Attacks the lining of the intestine and at the same time impairs the body’s ability to fight off the infection.
  3. Symptoms include severe vomiting and diarrhea, fever, and dehydration. Mother cats who are infected while pregnant may not show symptoms but may give birth to stillborn kittens or kittens with permanent problems with coordination and balance. Kittens infected shortly after birth may also be affected by the neurologic form of the disease.

Rhinotracheitis

  1. This is a cat only herpes-virus, spread through contact with a sick or carrier animal or its respiratory secretions.
  2. Symptoms include sneezing, fever, runny eyes.
  3. Can also cause corneal ulcers, sinus damage, nasopharyngeal polyps and skin lesions.
  4. Once infected, some cats will harbour the virus in their immune system where it may pop up from time to time causing future episodes of sneezing, runny eyes, etc.

Calicivirus

  1. Another virus of cats that affects the respiratory system
  2. May also cause ulcers on the tongue, resulting in pain and discomfort when eating, and in rare cases cause painful inflammation of the joints.
  3. Fever, sneezing, drooling, lack of appetite and occasionally stiff painful joints are noticed.

Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)

  1. Mostly spread through fighting but cats living in the same house with a carrier cat (sharing food and water bowls, litter pans, etc.) may also be at risk. Infected mother cats may pass the infection to their kittens.
  2. If the virus becomes established in the body, it can increase the risk of certain cancers and autoimmune diseases, as well as weaken the immune system.
  3. Infected cats may appear healthy for months to years before showing symptoms. Those symptoms are variable but may include tumors, inflamed gums, anemia, eye problems, non-healing wounds, repeated bladder infections and many others.